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Labor Day Statistics in the U.S. – Labor force

Labor Day, the first monday of September, and the last day of the long weekend known as Labor Day Weekend. The unofficial end of the summer and in U.S. sports, Labor Day Weekend marks the beginning of many fall sports. But don’t forget the most important part of Labor Day: Workers…

Labor Day short history

The first Labor Day holiday was celebrated on Tuesday, September 5, 1882, in New York City, in accordance with the plans of the Central Labor Union. The Central Labor Union held its second Labor Day holiday just a year later, on September 5, 1883.Source


U.S. Labor force statistics

The changing of the labor force in the U.S. between 1975-2015


Population is growing, but the labor force is not following, and the employed labor force is wavy.  After 2008 there was a dropdown on the labor force and also in the employment rate. The case was the big economical crush. In the last 5 years it started to normalize, and almost reached the level in 2007.

Gender rate in the U.S Labor Force in 1975-2015

Civilian non-institutional population in 1975-2015 by gender

Lets get a closer look, and see the differences between male and felame workers. Here we can see the civilian non-institutional population in 1975-2015 by gender.

Values on the Y axis of the first chart are displayed from 0 to 100. It is clear that the difference was relatively small, but always changing, and there were always more women than men.


On the second chart we zoomed in a little bit, so on the Y axis the minimum value is 47% and the maximum is 53%. In this way we can see more details, and determine the trend. The lines are getting closer and closer to the 50% so the rate is going to be more balanced.


Labor force by gender compared to Total Civilian non-institutional population

A good example for changing the value of the Y axis can highly influence the results. We can use all of the charts below, it is our decision, which depends on what we want to show to the world.

Here the method will be the same. First we check the “big picture” then we will zoom in. So in this line chart the total labor force was compared to the total civilian non-institutional population. Here we can see, even the women’s rate is higher than the man’s rate (previous chart) on the total population, the labor force rate of the men was always bigger. On the first chart we can say the 2 lines are almost pararell, and linear.

labor-force-to-population-1Let’s check the 2nd chart. We can see there was a really big gap until the 90’s, and the labor force rate of women was fastly growing. From 1987, until 2008 the gap wasn’t changing, but after both lines started to decreas together.

labor-force-to-population-2This covariance can be seen well only on the 3rd chart. So in data science it is always important, what we want to test, and see about our data. Never skip the closer look, because the information is hidden in the deep.


Employment rate in the U.S. in 1975-2015

Employed population compared to the total labor force by gender

As we are getting deeper and deeper to the Labor force indicators, we can’t miss the employement rate. This is the most common number (rate) with we can describe a country’s economy and Labor force.
So check these number in the period between 1975-2015, in the same way we did before.


On the first graph we can see the employement rate in 1975-2015 by gender.  We can say women and men employement rate was almost the same in this period except some little peaks, but we can’t say any specific infomation about this period.

But if we zoom in, we can see that both lines were wavy and there were a lot of changes.  The first thing we can see, that the men’s lane was more sensitive for the economical , and hystorical effects.  The big economical crush in 2008 was a big shock for both segment, but women could get out faster from the recession, and their negative peak was not that deep. We can say that there was just 2% the difference, and it is not that big, but we are talking about millions of people. So it is not big, it is huge.


Job distribution in the U.S. in 2015

4 612 510  employees most likely will work  on Labor Day. It is around 16% of all workers.


Here is some additional information for all who are not working on this day and want to go for shopping:

WalMart is open on Labor Day

Costco is open on Labor Day : 10:00 AM – 8:30 AM

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